Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

Historical note Lemon balm was used in ancient Greece and Rome as a

topical treatment for wounds. In the Middle Ages it was used internally as a

sedative and by the 17th century, English herbalist Culpeper claimed it could

improve mood and stimulate clear thinking. Nowadays, it is still used to induce a

sense of calm and help with anxiety, but is also added to cosmetics, insect

repellants, furniture polish and food.


Lemon balm


Balm mint, bee balm, blue balm, common balm, cure-all, dropsy plant, garden balm,

sweet balm


Melissa officinalis (family Labiatae)


Aerial parts


Flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, triterpenes, essential oil and sesquiterpenes. Of

note, the herb contains citronellal, caffeic acid, eugenol, rosmarinic acid and choline

(Wake et al 2000). Growing and harvesting methods have a major influence on the

amount of volatile oil present in the leaves. It has been found that the oil content in

the herb is highest in the top third and lowest in the bottom two-thirds (Mrlianova et

al 2002).



Over the years, a number of studies involving rodents have suggested specific

anxiolytic or sedative effects (Kennedy et al 2002, Soulimani et al 1991). More

recently, a double-blind placebo-controlled study has confirmed anxiolytic activity is

clinically significant for lemon balm essential oil (Ballard et al 2002). In 2005 a

double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, crossover trial of a whole extract of

lemon balm (300 and 600 mg) in 18 healthy adults found a significant reduction in

stress in the volunteers taking 600 mg (Kennedy et al 2004). A number of possible

active components of the dried leaf and essential oil of the herb may be responsible

for these effects, such as eugenol and citronellol, which bind to GABA-A receptors

and increase the affinity of GABA to receptors (Aoshima & Hamamoto 1999).

  • About Us

    Our company is one from the Import and Export Egyptians companies which concerned in providing superior high quality of medicinal & aromatic plant, fresh fruits , vegetables, herbs and spices, beside the full custom clearance service by our selves.
  • Stay Connected

All rights reserved © 2014 -- Designed and Programmed by 3Hand.Net